Emotional Health · Health

CDC Reports Suicide Is Increasing
for Middle-Aged Women

“I just can’t do this anymore,” the woman whispers softly. She is lying in her hospital bed, illuminated by the glaring lights of the intensive care unit. Mrs. Jones is a woman in her late 50s. Despite her hospital gown, she is neatly groomed and appears more ready to go out with friends than sit here in this place and have this conversation with me. She looks very much like your neighbor or someone you might see sitting at a coffee shop with a table or friends. Except for the bandage wrapped around her neck.  Underneath is a deep, self-inflicted stab wound.

“Just can’t do what?” I ask gently, moving my chair closer to hear her.

“Life,” she offers, giving a weak smile, giving her hand a quick, dismissive wave.  She goes on to tell me of a life once filled with friends and family, two children and a handful of grandchildren, and an active circle of friends.  But then, five years ago, her husband died unexpectedly and her friends, mostly married couples, slowly drifted away. “I don’t go out much anymore. The kids are busy. . . .” Her voice fades.  “I just don’t see a reason to get out of bed in the morning. There is no reason.”

***

The story of Mrs. Jones — and those who tragically never make it to the hospital — is playing out across America as suicides have increased by an alarming 24 percent between 1999 and 2014, with the greatest increase seen in girls ages 10 to 14 and women ages 45 to 64. While the rate of suicide increased for both men and women, suicide rates among U.S. women climbed steadily over the past decade and peaked among women age 45 to 64, according to new government data.  The rate for women in that age group represented a 50 percent increase over the past decade according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. While more men died by suicide than women in 2016, the rate of suicide for women has doubled since 2000 to six per 100,000 deaths. For middle-aged women, suicide remains among the top ten leading causes of death. This marked rise, revealed in the CDC study released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, has left us scrambling to understand what could be driving this wave of suicides.

A look at the trends has led to a variety of ideas:

  • Aging Baby Boomers: It is unclear why, but individuals identified as baby boomers have been shown to suffer from higher rates of suicide, even as early as adolescence. Some have argued it is partly cultural, with a focus on youth and abhorrence of the aging process. Others suggest it is related to growing up in the post-World War II era with advances in science and technology leading to hopes for eternal youth.
  • Social Isolation: Having strong social contacts has long been shown to decrease one’s susceptibility to suicide. In a study of women, having strong social supports decreased risk of suicide threefold. As we disconnect from each other and rely on electronic forms of support, could this further influence feelings of social isolation or does it provide a greater sense of connection?  Are we more isolated now than 20 years ago?
  • Finances: Studying suicide trends nationwide between 1928 and 2007, rates are seen to rise with an economic downturn. Similarly a study examining the period 2005 to 2010 found suicides to be increasingly associated with job, financial, and legal problems. As the economy begins to recover, will we see the rate of suicides begin to recede? Only time will tell.
  • Access to Opioids: Some have suggested that access to and use of opiates, particularly their misuse, is associated with suicide. The rate of overdoses using opioids tripled between 2000 and 2014, as a result of both increased deaths from heroin and prescription drugs. Opioid use has been associated with suicide in women. While many of these deaths are accidental, intentional opioid overdoses are increasingly common. The dangers of opioids is compounded by the fact that chronic pain is an independent risk factor for suicide, giving people who may already be at an increased risk the access to lethal means.

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  • Andrea Rosenhaft October 15, 2018 at 8:19 am

    This is a disturbing trend which still points to the stigma this country still carries towards mental health and an overall reluctance to ask for help when experiencing mental health symptoms. I’m a 57 year-old woman who was diagnosed in my late twenties with anorexia, major depressive disorder and borderline personality disorder. I’ve attempted suicide four times. My prolonged and rocky course of treatment included multiple psychiatric admissions, medication and individual therapy. I was fortunate in that during the course of my treatment I had family support, I worked when I was able, earned a master’s degree, had friends – some friends also dropped off because they didn’t understand or were scared. I now write and blog on the topic of mental health and recovery to give back, to let others know they are not alone and to fight stigma.

    Reply
    • Deborah Robinson October 18, 2018 at 8:19 pm

      I can totally relate to this and understand why these women may feel such isolation, as I have experienced this myself.
      This article is very important and timely. And I wish it could be heard by more women who suffer silently around the world.

      Reply